What is a DMARC record and how to add it

DMARC record is mostly used to track phishing and spam. It can also be very instrumental in abolishing it if implemented correctly.

 

How to add a DMARC record?

You need to add SPF and DKIM before you add a DMARC record. For SPf click here and for dkim go here

Adding a DMARC record is the same as adding a DKIM or SPF record below is the specification

Tag NamePurposeSample
v Protocol version v=DMARC1
pct Percentage of messages subjected to filtering pct=20
ruf Reporting URI for forensic reports ruf=mailto:authfail@example.com
rua Reporting URI of aggregate reports rua=mailto:aggrep@example.com
p Policy for organizational domain p=quarantine
sp Policy for subdomains of the OD sp=reject
adkim Alignment mode for DKIM adkim=s
aspf Alignment mode for SPF aspf=r

Only the v (version) and p (policy) tags are required. Three possible policy settings, or message dispositions, are available:

none – Take no action. Log affected messages on the daily report only.
quarantine – Mark affected messages as spam.
reject – Cancel the message at the SMTP layer.

Alignment mode refers to the precision with which sender records are compared to SPF and DKIM signatures, with the two possible values being relaxed or strict. represented by “r” and “s” respectively. In short, relaxed allows partial matches, such as subdomains of a given domain, while strict requires an exact match.

Make sure to include your email address with the optional rua tag to receive the daily reports.

Here are some example DMARC TXT records (_dmarc.your_domain.com IN TXT) you may modify for your own use. Of course, replace “your_domain.com” and “postmaster@your_domain.com” with your actual domain and email address.

In the following example TXT record, if a message claims to be from your domain.com and fails the DMARC checks, no action is taken. Instead all of these messages appear on the daily aggregate report sent to “postmaster@your_domain.com.”
“v=DMARC1; p=none; rua=mailto:postmaster@your_domain.com; ruf=mailto:authfail@your_domain.com”

In the next example TXT record, if a message claims to be from your domain.com and fails the DMARC checks, quarantine it 5% of the time. Then email daily aggregate reports to “postmaster@your_domain.com.”
“v=DMARC1; p=quarantine; pct=5; rua=mailto:postmaster@your_domain.com ruf=mailto:authfail@your_domain.com”

In the final example, if a message claims to be from “your_domain.com” and fails the DMARC checks, reject it 100% of the time. Then email daily aggregate reports to “postmaster@your_domain.com” and “dmarc@your_domain.com.”
“v=DMARC1; p=reject; rua=mailto:postmaster@your_domain.com, mailto:dmarc@your_domain.com ruf=mailto:authfail@your_domain.com”

The ruf and rua email addresses need to be at your_domain.com.

To check if your record is correct go here http://www.dmarcian.com/dmarc-inspector/

Goolge generallly sends you a report every 24 hours, if you don’t get any reports then check whether your receivers are checking DMARC.

If you don’t wanna go thru the above hassel, then you can goto http://www.kitterman.com/dmarc/assistant.html and generate a record.

Once you add the record you will get an email report in xml, you can then create a free account at http://www.dmarcanalyzer.com/  to evaluate the report.

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Leo G

Is a Linux Hobbyist and Enthusiast. He Strongly believes in OpenSource Software and would like you to view and download his software at https://github.com/Leo-g
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  • Phillips Hayden

    Hi Leo,
    Just went through your blog and it has clearly laid down the importance of DMARC records. You have also incorporated the way to use DMARC records correctly during email marketing campaign. We must add the latest format of DMARC records in our email marketing campaign as it will help you to know about the success of your email marketing campaign. Adding the latest format will allow you to know about the email deliverability rate, email spam rate as well as if there is any serious issue with the SPF or DKIM record.